Exuma Cave Diving:
Into the Deep
If undersea exploration and adventure is what
you crave, then Great Exuma is your ultimate
destination. Diving aficionados of all types
believe that the Bahamas is the prime location
to not only experience the excitement of the
unknown, but also revel in the spectacular beauty
of the ocean’s underwater scenery. Exuma
cave diving is famous for its diversity; it
offers numerous caves varying in shape, depth
and splendor, showcasing Bahamas’ versatile
and colorful marine life.
What is it?
Cave diving consists of exploring natural and
artificial caves that are partially or fully
filled with water with the aid of scuba equipment.
Exuma cave diving allows divers to investigate
caves that were formed during the Ice Age, a
time when much of the ocean’s water was
frozen which caused the sea level to drop significantly,
leaving many of the shores of the Bahamas dry.
Rain falling on the exposed limestone filtered
down to sea level, eroded the surface, resulting
in the formation of caves. Eventually, when
the ice melted and the sea level rose again,
the caves were claimed by the sea.
A sight to see
Aside from being able to discover the
many varieties of flora and fauna of the briny
deep, Exuma cave diving allows you to observe
what is called halocline. The water in the caves
is fresh, pure, and salt-free. It consists of
the rainwater that seeps through the limestone
and sits on the under layer of the sea water.
At a depth of approximately 30 feet, it is possible
to see where the fresh water meets the salt
water. If something is passed through the interface,
there is a momentary blurring as the two types
of water are mixed.
Places to dive
- Angelfish Blue Hole is
located just outside Georgetown and is the
most popular Exuma cave diving site. It is
a tidal marine cave that opens up into numerous
caverns and grottos. It is known for its abundant
population of barracuda, coral, sponges and,
of course, angelfish.
- Mystery Cave extends beneath
Stocking Island and the surrounding area.
The cave begins at a depth of 15 feet, but
soon drops off to a heart-pounding 100 feet.
Its intricate and extensive cavern network
was revealed when divers released dye into
the mouth of the cave and it resurfaced 4
- Crab Cay Crevasse is situated
not far from Angelfish Blue Hole and is approximately
30-90 feet in depth. Its opening is only 15
feet below the ocean’s surface and it
is a prime location to view crabs, spiny lobsters,
anemones, and round sting rays.
Grotto one of the most famed
and stunning sites to engage in this exhilarating
Cave diving should never be done alone
or without the proper equipment or training.
Always be sure to carry enough oxygen and a
first aid kit. Also note that it is illegal
to carry a spear gun, harvest starfish, or break
off coral. To learn more about Exuma cave diving
and the locations of certified training facilities,
please consult the Bahamas
Diving Association website.
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